On July 20, , almost six years after Kennedy's death, Apollo 11 landed the first manned spacecraft on the moon. Boundless U. The Sixties: — The Kennedy Administration. Concept Version Learning Objective Summarize the signature achievements of the Kennedy administration.
Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc , Details Collect From YY Archived from the original PDF on Giglio, comp. The U. It is not relevant what abuses may have existed in other countries or in other times.
Key Points John F. Kennedy was sworn in as the 35th President on January 20, In his inaugural address, he called for an active citizenry and the desire for greater internationalism.
As part of his desire for an active citizenry and greater internationalism, Kennedy asked Congress to create the Peace Corps, which brought American volunteers to work in underdeveloped nations. Sources of immigration shifted under the Kennedy administration from European countries toward Latin America and Asia, under the Immigration and Nationality Act of passed after his death. Kennedy was a supporter of African American civil rights and also supported the rights of marginalized groups such as women. The U. Full Text John F. Kennedy John F. Peace Corps Kennedy greeting Peace Corps volunteers, Kennedy was inaugurated on January 20, Edit this content.
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Kennedy, more new legislation was actually approved and passed into law than at any other time since the Thirties. A year later, 40 out of 54 bills that the Kennedy Administration had proposed were passed by Congress, and in , 35 out of 58 "must" bills were enacted. The facts, I believe, are otherwise. Kennedy's legislative record in —63 was the best of any President since Roosevelt's first term. Historians and political scientists were given prominent positions within the Kennedy administration. Several themes that were popular in the post- World War II American histories were apparent during the administration and also reflected in the television series Profiles in Courage.
Arthur Schlesinger Jr. Beginning in , Schlesinger served as a Special Assistant to Kennedy. He was a member of the liberal lobbying group Americans for Democratic Action and in he published The Vital Center , a book which has been described as "a manifesto for anticommunist liberals, defining an agenda that combined the social concerns of the New Deal with support for the Cold War policy of containment of Soviet power.
Within Schlesinger's analytical framework of the domestic politics of the United States during this period he identifies three main ideological currents: 1 what he calls the "vital center" are the "New Deal liberals" who had been gaining ground politically since 2 right-wing racial extremists mostly confined to the Southern regions of the United States and 3 Communists who Schlesinger identifies as posing the "primary opposition to American values from within and without".
Schlesinger, working on Kennedy's presidential campaign in , sought an image of the candidate that would show the candidate's personal and individual accomplishment as counter to a collectivist ethos. Schlesinger's work along with Richard Neustadt 's and other thinkers were key influences in the development of the New Frontier-era policies.
The Kennedy Administration pushed an economic stimulus program through congress in an effort to kick-start the American economy following an economic downturn.
On February 2, , Kennedy sent a comprehensive Economic Message to Congress which had been in preparation for several weeks. The legislative proposals put forward in this message included: . The following month, the first of these seven measures became law, and the remaining six measures had been signed by the end of June.
follow Under the Kennedy Administration, the most significant tax reforms since the New Deal were carried out, including a new investment tax credit. The final and best means of strengthening demand among consumers and business is to reduce the burden on private income and the deterrents to private initiative which are imposed by our present tax system; and this administration pledged itself last summer to an across-the-board, top-to-bottom cut in personal and corporate income taxes to be enacted and become effective in I am not talking about a 'quickie' or a temporary tax cut, which would be more appropriate if a recession were imminent.
Nor am I talking about giving the economy a mere shot in the arm, to ease some temporary complaint.
I am talking about the accumulated evidence of the last 5 years that our present tax system, developed as it was, in good part, during World War II to restrain growth, exerts too heavy a drag on growth in peace time; that it siphons out of the private economy too large a share of personal and business purchasing power; that it reduces the financial incentives for personal effort, investment, and risk-taking. Kennedy specifically advocated cutting the corporate tax rate in this same speech. The Government has already taken major steps this year to reduce business tax liability and to stimulate the modernization, replacement, and expansion of our productive plant and equipment.
Next year's tax bill should reduce personal as well as corporate income taxes, for those in the lower brackets, who are certain to spend their additional take-home pay, and for those in the middle and upper brackets, who can thereby be encouraged to undertake additional efforts and enabled to invest more capital.
On the same evening, President Kennedy said the private sector and not the public sector was the key to economic growth:. There will be new interest in taking risks, in increasing productivity, in creating new jobs and new products for long-term economic growth. The Presidential Commission on the Status of Women was an advisory commission established on December 14, , by Kennedy to investigate questions regarding women's equality in education, in the workplace, and under the law. The main purpose of the committee was to document and examine employment policies in place for women.
The commission's final report, American Woman also known as the Peterson Report after the Commission's second chair, Esther Peterson , was issued in October and documented widespread discrimination against women in the workplace.
Among the practices addressed by the group were labor laws pertaining to hours and wages, the quality of legal representation for women, the lack of education and counseling for working women, and federal insurance and tax laws that affected women's incomes. Recommendations included affordable child care for all income levels, hiring practices that promoted equal opportunity for women, and paid maternity leave.
The Commission, reflecting the views of Roosevelt and the labor unions, opposed the Equal Rights Amendment. In the early s, full-time working women were paid on average 59 percent of the earnings of their male counterparts. In order to eliminate some forms of sex-based pay discrimination, Kennedy signed the Equal Pay Act into law on June 10, Under Kennedy, the first significant package of anticrime bills since were passed. This program aimed to prevent youth from committing delinquent acts.